Artl. no: PB48
Published in: Göteborg 1987
Pages: 44
Language: English
ISBN10: 9186098543
ISBN13: 978-91-86098-54-4
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Some Minor Textiles in Antiquity.

by Glorianne Pionati Shams

This thesis consists of four chapters, each examining one of the many minor textiles used in antiquity. Asbestos representing a mineral fiber resource, brocade or lame representing design technique, hemp representing a plant-fiber resource, and felt representing a manufacturing technique. Relevant factors considered here are: geography, ancient literary sources, etymology, and the significance of these and many other aspects of these four textile materials to their use and development.
   The search for ancient textile use can be complex. In consulting ancient sources, one must be aware of obscure elements, such as a synonym for the subject of the study, which synonym was widely used in antiquity, but is almost unknown in modern day usage. An example is our modern term "asbestos", a term used today as well as in antiquity to describe an incombustible fibrous mineral that could be spun and woven. Some ancient sources, such as Pliny, refer to the fibrous mineral not only as asbestos, but also as "amiantus". If the researcher is not aware of this synonym, then the study will obviously be incomplete.
   Modern sources generally discuss uses of major textiles such as cotton or wool, and offer a few phrases only (if anything at all) concerning the more minor textiles. Some modern sources also fail to offer a complete bibliography to the reader who would like to know more on the subject. This thesis attempts to offer the reader a full bibliography. The thesis is meant specifically to examine some minor textiles in antiquity (asbestos, felt, lame or brocade, and hemp), and how, where, and by whom these textiles were used.

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